### Solving Equations with Multiplication and Division

Suppose you are selling pizza for $1.50 a slice and you can get eight slices out of a single pizza. How much money do you get for a single pizza? It shouldn’t take you long to figure out that you get \begin{align*}8 \times \$1.50 = \$12.00\end{align*}

#### Solving Equations

1. Solve \begin{align*} \frac{1}{8} \cdot x = 1.5\end{align*}

Our \begin{align*}x\end{align*}**both sides** of the equation.

\begin{align*}8 \left ( \frac{1}{8} \cdot x \right ) &= 8(1.5)\\
x &= 12\end{align*}

2. Solve \begin{align*}0.25x = 5.25\end{align*}

0.25 is the decimal equivalent of one fourth, so to cancel out the 0.25 factor we would multiply by 4.

\begin{align*}4(0.25x) &= 4(5.25)\\
x &= 21\end{align*}

Solving by division is another way to isolate \begin{align*}x\end{align*}

3. Solve \begin{align*}5x = 3.25\end{align*}

To cancel the 5, we divide both sides by 5.

\begin{align*} \frac{5x}{5} &= \frac{3.25}{5}\\
x &= 0.65\end{align*}

4. Solve \begin{align*}1.375x = 1.2\end{align*}

Divide by 1.375

\begin{align*} x &= \frac{1.2}{1.375}\\
x &= 0.8 \overline{72}\end{align*}

Notice the bar above the final two decimals; it means that those digits recur, or repeat. The full answer is 0.872727272727272....

### Examples

#### Example 1

\begin{align*} \frac{9x}{5} = 5\end{align*}

\begin{align*}\frac{9x}{5}\end{align*}

\begin{align*} \frac{5}{9} \left ( \frac{9x}{5} \right ) &= \frac{5}{9}(5)\\
x &= \frac{25}{9}\end{align*}

#### Example 2

\begin{align*}7x = \frac{5}{11}\end{align*}

Divide both sides by 7.

\begin{align*}x &= \frac{5}{11.7}\\
x &= \frac{5}{77} \end{align*}

### Review

For 1-5, solve the following equations for \begin{align*}x\end{align*}

- \begin{align*}7x = 21 \end{align*}
7x=21 - \begin{align*}4x = 1 \end{align*}
4x=1 - \begin{align*}\frac{5x}{12} = \frac{2}{3}\end{align*}
5x12=23 - \begin{align*}0.01x = 11\end{align*}
0.01x=11 - \begin{align*}\frac{-2x}{9} = \frac{10}{3}\end{align*}
−2x9=103

For 6-10, solve the following equations for the unknown variable.

- \begin{align*}21s = 3 \end{align*}
21s=3 - \begin{align*}-7a = -5 \end{align*}
−7a=−5 - \begin{align*}\frac{7f}{11} = \frac{7}{11} \end{align*}
7f11=711 - \begin{align*}6r = \frac{3}{8} \end{align*}
6r=38 - \begin{align*}\frac{9b}{16} = \frac{3}{8} \end{align*}
9b16=38

### Review (Answers)

To view the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 3.2.