The following exponential equation is one in which the variable appears in the exponent.
How can you solve this type of equation where you can't isolate the variable?
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James Sousa: Solving Exponential Equations
Guidance
When an equation has exponents, sometimes the variable will be in the exponent and sometimes it won't. There are different strategies for solving each type of equation.
- When the variable is in the exponent: Rewrite each side of the equation so that the bases of the exponent are the same. Then, create a new equation where you set the exponents equal to each other and solve (see Example A).
- When the variable is not in the exponent: Manipulate the equation so the exponent is no longer there (see Example B). Or, rewrite each side of the equation so that both sides have the same exponent. Then, create a new equation where you set the bases equal to each other and solve (see Example C).
Example A
Solve the following exponential equation:
Solution: The variable appears in the exponent. Write both sides of the equation as a power of 5.
Apply the law of exponents for raising a power to a power .
Example B
Solve the following exponential equation:
Solution: The variable appears in the base.
Example C
Solve the following exponential equation:
Solution: The variable appears in the base.
Concept Problem Revisited
To begin, write each side of the equation with a common base. Both 9 and 27 can be written as a power of ‘3’. Therefore, .
Apply to the left side of the equation.
Express the right side of the equation in exponential form and apply .
Now that the bases are the same, then the exponents are equal quantities.
Solve the equation.
Multiply both sides of the equation by ‘2’. Simplify and solve.
Vocabulary
- Exponential Equation
- An exponential equation is an equation in which the variable appears in either the exponent or in the base. The equation is solved by applying the laws of exponents.
Guided Practice
1. Use the laws of exponents to solve the following exponential equation:
2. Use the laws of exponents to solve the following exponential equation:
3. Use the laws of exponents to solve .
Answers:
1.
2.
3.
Practice
Use the laws of exponents to solve the following exponential equations: