<img src="https://d5nxst8fruw4z.cloudfront.net/atrk.gif?account=iA1Pi1a8Dy00ym" style="display:none" height="1" width="1" alt="" />

Percent Equations

Equations to solve for rates, totals, and parts.

Estimated9 minsto complete
%
Progress
Practice Percent Equations

MEMORY METER
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Progress
Estimated9 minsto complete
%
Percent Equations

Percent Equations

The percent equation is often used to solve problems. It goes like this:

Rate×Total=PartorR% of Total is Part\begin{align*}& \text{Rate} \times \text{Total} = \text{Part}\\ & \qquad \qquad \text{or}\\ & R\% \ \text{of Total is Part}\end{align*}

Rate is the ratio that the percent represents (R%\begin{align*}R\%\end{align*} in the second version).

Total is often called the base unit.

Part is the amount we are comparing with the base unit.

Finding a Percent of a Total

Find 25% of $80. We are looking for the part. The total is$80. ‘of’ means multiply. R%\begin{align*}R\%\end{align*} is 25%, so we can use the second form of the equation: 25% of 80 is Part, or 0.25×80=Part\begin{align*}0.25 \times 80 = \text{Part}\end{align*}. 0.25×80=20\begin{align*}0.25 \times 80 = 20\end{align*}, so the Part we are looking for is20.

Expression Values and Percentages

Express $90 as a percentage of$160.

This time we are looking for the rate. We are given the part ($90) and the total ($160). Using the rate equation, we get Rate×160=90\begin{align*}\text{Rate} \times 160 = 90\end{align*}. Dividing both sides by 160 tells us that the rate is 0.5625, or 56.25%.

$50 is 15% of what total sum? This time we are looking for the total. We are given the part ($50) and the rate (15%, or 0.15). Using the rate equation, we get 0.15×Total=50\begin{align*}0.15 \times \text{Total} = \50\end{align*}. Dividing both sides by 0.15, we get Total=500.15333.33\begin{align*}\text{Total} = \frac{50}{0.15} \approx 333.33\end{align*}. So50 is 15% of $333.33. Example Example 1$96 is 12% of what total sum?

This time we are looking for the total. We are given the part ($96) and the rate (12%, or 0.12). Using the rate equation, we get 0.12×Total=$96\begin{align*}0.12 \times \text{Total} = \96\end{align*}. Dividing both sides by 0.15, we get Total=960.12=800\begin{align*}\text{Total} = \frac{96}{0.12}=800\end{align*}. So $96 is 12% of$800.

Review

Find the following.

1. 30% of 90
2. 27% of 19
3. 16.7% of 199
4. 11.5% of 10.01
5. 0.003% of 1,217.46
6. 250% of 67
7. 34.5% of y
8. 17.02% of y
9. x% of 280
10. a% of 0.332
11. y%\begin{align*}y\%\end{align*} of 3x\begin{align*}3x\end{align*}

Texas Instruments Resources

In the CK-12 Texas Instruments Algebra I FlexBook® resource, there are graphing calculator activities designed to supplement the objectives for some of the lessons in this chapter. See http://www.ck12.org/flexr/chapter/9613.

Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue.

Color Highlighted Text Notes

Vocabulary Language: English

Percent Equation

The percent equation can be stated as: "Rate times Total equals Part," or "R% of Total is Part."