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Central Dogma of Molecular Biology

DNA → RNA → Protein

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Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
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Vocabulary

amino acid

amino acid

Small molecule that is a building block (monomer) of proteins.
central dogma of molecular biology

central dogma of molecular biology

DNA → RNA → Protein; the rule that states that the information in DNA is transcribed into RNA and translated into protein.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

Double-stranded nucleic acid that makes up genes and chromosomes; the hereditary material.
protein

protein

Organic compound made up of amino acids.
RNA

RNA

(ribonucleic acid): Single-stranded nucleic acid involved in protein synthesis.
transcription

transcription

Process in which genetic instructions in DNA are copied to form a complementary strand of mRNA.
translation

translation

Process in which genetic instructions in mRNA are read to synthesize a protein.

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