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Eukaryotic Gene Regulation

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Eukaryotic Gene Regulation
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Vocabulary

enhancer

enhancer

Sites on the DNA strand that are bound by activators; brings a transcription factor to the initiation complex.
homeobox gene

homeobox gene

Gene that codes for regulatory proteins that control gene expression during development.
hox gene

hox gene

Homeobox gene; determines the basic structure and orientation of an organism.
proto-oncogenes

proto-oncogenes

Regulatory genes that help control cell division; when mutated can cause cancer.
TATA box

TATA box

Regulatory element that is part of the promoter of most eukaryotic genes; has a core sequence of TATAAA.
tumor-suppressor genes

tumor-suppressor genes

Regulatory genes that prevent cells with damaged DNA from dividing; when mutated can cause cancer.

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