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Genetic Code

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Genetic Code
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Vocabulary

codon

codon

A group of three nitrogen bases in an mRNA molecule; makes up a code word of the genetic code; codes for an amino acid, start, or stop.
genetic code

genetic code

The universal code of three-base codons; encodes the genetic instructions for the amino acid sequence of proteins.
reading frame

reading frame

The three base frame that divides the bases into codons.
start codon

start codon

Codon that begins translation; AUG.
stop codon

stop codon

Codon that does not code for an amino acid; UAG, UGA, and UAA; also known as a termination codon.

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