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Time For A Transpoosion
Teacher Contributed

What's A Transpoosion?

A transfusion is when a patient is given someone else's blood...a transpoosion is a little different

Calling In The Little Guns

The discovery of penicillin and the development of antibiotics has saved untold lives. One of theories that led to the development of antibiotics was the "Germ Theory" which identified microorganisms as the source of many, if not all, diseases. These tiny "bugs" were identified as the source of great misery. But science marches on and we now know that all "bugs" aren't bad. Many are benign, many are beneficial and many of these live inside of humans and, it seems, all animals. This situation which was unseen when antibiotics were developed has led to a complex situation.

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Clostridium-difficile/Pages/Introduction.aspx

So Clostridium diffcile is bad news. But does this apply to all species of the genus Clostridium? Think about it, take a guess and now watch this and find out.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41c1o1KQMuc

So what about the "good" bacteria? Just how important are they? You can find more here.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEZSuwkx7Ik

So what does all this have to do with "transpoosions"? What is a "transpoosion"? Well, "transpoosion" is a term coined for a medical procedure which shows great promise in treating difficult medical conditions and restoring people to health. It turns to an interesting area for a solution. As a matter of fact, it turns to a fecal solution.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tDcia_uqf3k

Extension Investigation

Use the resources below to answer the following questions:

  1. What problems have arisen with Clostridium difficile from the use of antibiotics?
  2. How does Clostridium difficile cause diarrhea? How does this diarrhea benefit the microorganism?
  3. What kind of safety practices can help people avoid spreading disease? Which one of these has not been successful with Clostridium difficile?
  4. Are other species of bacteria in the genus Clostridium harmful? Are all species in this genus harmful?
  5. How well are microbes living in an animal's gut adapted to living in that animal? How well are animals adapted to living with the microbes in their gut? Explain your answer as fully as you can.
  6. How many of the genes contained within humans come from human DNA? Explain your answer and reasoning.
  7. When was Human Probiotic Infusion first used? Why is this practice becoming more common?
  8. How effective have Human Probiotic Infusions been in treating people in Australia? Does this result surprise you? Why or why not?

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