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Other Cell Organelles

Describes cellular organelles.

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Other Cell Organelles
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Vocabulary

centriole

Structure that arrange the mitotic spindles; made of microtubules.

centrosome

Structure formed of two centrioles arranged in a perpendicular manner.

endoplasmic reticulum (ER)

Organelle in eukaryotic cells that helps make and transport proteins; site of lipid synthesis.

Golgi apparatus

Organelle in eukaryotic cells that processes proteins and prepares them for use both inside and outside the cell.

lysosome

Vesicle with powerful digestive enzymes; breaks down harmful cell products, waste materials, and cellular debris.

peroxisome

Vesicle that uses oxygen to break down toxic substances in the cell.

rough endoplasmic reticulum

Endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes embedded on its surface.

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Endoplasmic reticulum without ribosomes embedded on its surface.

transport vesicle

Vesicle that moves molecules between locations inside the cell.

vacuole

Large saclike organelle that stores and transports materials inside a cell.

vesicle

Small saclike organelle that stores and transports materials inside a cell.

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