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Roots

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Roots
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Vocabulary

fibrous root

fibrous root

Threadlike root that makes up part of the fibrous root system of some plants.
fibrous root system

fibrous root system

Root system composed of many small branching fibrous roots, but no large primary root.
primary root

primary root

Single, thick root that extends downwards.
root

root

Vascular plant organ that can penetrate soil and rock; absorb water and minerals.
root cap

root cap

The tip of a root, consisting of specialized cells that help regulate primary growth of the root at the tip.
root hairs

root hairs

Part of the outer layer of root epidermal cells; increase the surface area for the absorption of water and minerals from the soil.
root system

root system

All the roots of a plant, including primary roots and secondary roots.
secondary root

secondary root

Root that branches out to the side.
taproot

taproot

Single, thick primary root that characterizes the root system of some plants.
taproot system

taproot system

Root system composed of a single, thick primary taproot, with smaller secondary roots growing out from the sides.

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