8.2: Solve for Unknowns
Look at the equation below. Can you figure out the value of ? In this concept, we will practice using the order of operations and the distributive property to solve equations.
Guidance
The order of operations tells us the correct order of evaluating math expressions. We always do parentheses first . Then we do exponents . Next we do multiplication and division (from left to right) and finally addition and subtraction (from left to right) . The distributive property allows us to remove parentheses when there is an unknown inside of them.
In order to evaluate expressions using the distributive property and the order of operations, we can use the problem solving steps to help.
- First, describe what you see in the problem. What operations are there?
- Second, identify what your job is. In these problems, your job will be to solve for the unknown.
- Third, make a plan . In these problems, your plan should be to use the distributive property and the order of operations.
- Fourth, solve .
- Fifth, check . Substitute your answer into the equation and make sure it works.
Example A
Solve for the unknown. Follow the order of operations and show each step.
Solution:
We can use the problem solving steps to help us with the order of operations.
Example B
Solve for the unknown. Follow the order of operations and show each step.
Solution:
We can use the problem solving steps to help us with the order of operations.
Example C
Solve for the unknown. Follow the order of operations and show each step.
Solution:
We can use the problem solving steps to help us with the order of operations.
Concept Problem Revisited
We can use the problem solving steps to help us with the order of operations.
Vocabulary
The order of operations tells us the correct order of evaluating math expressions. We always do parentheses first . Then we do exponents . Next we do multiplication and division (from left to right) and finally addition and subtraction (from left to right) . The distributive property allows us to remove parentheses when there is an unknown inside of them.
Guided Practice
For each problem, solve for the unknown. Follow the order of operations and show each step.
1.
2.
3.
Answers:
1. Here are the steps to solve:
2. Here are the steps to solve:
3. Here are the steps to solve:
Practice
For each problem, solve for the unknown. Follow the order of operations and show each step.
Image Attributions
Description
Learning Objectives
Students apply the distributive property and use the order of operations to find the values of unknowns. Students use problem solving steps to help.