8.4: Hanging Scales 6
Look at the pictures of the scales below. Can you write equations to represent what you see on each scale? Can you figure out the value of each letter? In this concept, we will practice working with equations that represent what we see on scales. We will then practice solving these systems of equations.
Guidance
In order to solve the problem above, use the problem solving steps.
- Start by describing what information is given.
- Then, identify what your job is. In these problems, your job will be to figure out the value of each of the three variables.
- Next, make a plan for how you will solve. In these problems, write equations to represent the scales first. Then, solve the system of equations.
- Then, solve the problem.
- Finally, check your solution. Make sure that your solution causes each scale to have the correct weight.
Example A
Write equations. Figure out the weights of the blocks.
Solution:
We can use problem solving steps to help.
Example B
Write equations. Figure out the weights of the blocks.
Solution:
We can use problem solving steps to help.
Example C
Write equations. Figure out the weights of the blocks.
Solution:
We can use problem solving steps to help.
Concept Problem Revisited
We can use problem solving steps to help.
Vocabulary
In math, an unknown is a letter that stands for a number that we do not yet know the value of. In this concept, the blocks that we did not know the weights of were unknowns . An equation is a math sentence that tells us two quantities that are equal. In this concept, we wrote equations with unknowns to represent what we saw on the scales. A system of equations is a set of equations that represents a given problem. Since we wrote multiple equations for each problem in this concept, we wrote a system of equations for each problem.
Guided Practice
Write equations. Figure out the weights of the blocks.
1.
2.
3.
Answers:
1. J: ; K: ;
2. M: ; N: ; P:
3. Q: ; R: ; S:
Practice
Write equations. Figure out the weights of the blocks.
Image Attributions
Description
Learning Objectives
Students determine the individual values of three different variables given information about the multiples or combinations of the variables on pictures of scales. Students use problem solving steps to help.