For 2 events to be dependent, the probability of the second event is dependent on the probability of the first event. In English, remember, the term dependent means to be unable to do without. This is similar to the mathematical definition of dependent events, where the probability of the second event occurring is affected by the first event occurring.
Remember in Example 4 when you were asked to determine the probability of drawing 2 sevens from a standard deck of cards? What would happen if 1 card is chosen and not replaced? In this case, the probability of drawing a seven on the second draw is dependent on drawing a seven on the first draw. Now let’s calculate the probability of the 2 cards being drawn without replacement. This can be done with the Multiplication Rule.
A box contains 5 red marbles and 5 purple marbles. What is the probability of drawing 2 purple marbles and 1 red marble in succession without replacement?
On the first draw, the probability of drawing a purple marble is:
On the third draw, the probability of drawing a red marble is:
Therefore, the probability of drawing 2 purple marbles and 1 red marble is: