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# 1.21: Lesson Twenty-One

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## Practice with Long and Short $<\text{a}>$ and <e>

1. Draw a line under each of the sounds below, and draw a double line under each of the letters:

$[\text{p}] \quad <\text{p}> \quad <\text{b}> \quad [\text{b}] \quad <\text{t}> \quad <\text{d}> \quad [\text{t}] \quad [\text{d}]$

2. When we talk about __________, we put them in square brackets.

3. When we talk about __________, we put them in pointed brackets.

4. When we talk about short vowel sounds, we just put them in square brackets. So the short $<\text{a}>$ sound is written [a]. And the short <e> sound is written [e].

5. But when we talk about long vowel sounds, we put them in square brackets and then put a dash over them. The dash that goes over long vowels is called a macron. So the long $<\text{a}>$ sound is written [ā]. And the long <e> sound is written [ē].

6. Is the short $<\text{a}>$ sound in at written [a] or [ā]? _______

Is the long $<\text{a}>$ sound in ate written [a] or [ā]? _______

Is the short <e> sound in them written [e] or [ē]? _______

Is the long <e> sound in theme written [e] or [ē]? _______

7. Listen carefully for long and short vowel sounds in these words. Then sort the words into the groups below:

$& \text{leave} && \text{than} && \text{same} && \text{then} \\& \text{went} && \text{three} && \text{land} && \text{station} \\& \text{chance} && \text{place} && \text{believe} && \text{she} \\& \text{make} && \text{best} && \text{question} && \text{laugh}$

Words with . . .
short $<\text{a}>$, [a] long $<\text{a}>$, [ā] short <e>, [e] long <e>, [ē]

8. Write two other words that contain [a]: _______ and _______

9. Write two other words that contain [ā]: _______ and _______

10. Write two other words that contain [e]: _______ and _______

11. Write two other words that contain [ē]: _______ and _______

Word Pyramids. The following Pyramids are made up of words that contain [a], [ā], [e], or [ē]:

## Categories:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

## Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Apr 29, 2014
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