# 1.22: Long and Short (< i > & < o >)

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Long and Short \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} and <o>

1. You can hear short \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} in the word hid. We write it this way: [i]. You can hear long \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} in the word hide. We write it [ī].

2. You can hear short <o> in the word got. We write it [o]. You can hear long <o> in the word goat. We write it [ō].

3. Listen carefully for the long and short \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}'s and <o>'s in these words. Then sort the words into the groups below:

\begin{align*}& \text{big} && \text{sister} && \text{twice} && \text{write} \\ & \text{close} && \text{hotter} && \text{home} && \text{soft} \\ & \text{while} && \text{height} && \text{bridge} && \text{six} \\ & \text{open} && \text{so} && \text{bottle} && \text{got} \\ & \text{hop} && \text{those} && \text{hide} && \text{hid} \end{align*}

Words with . . .
[i] [ī] [o] [ō]

4. Read each word below carefully. If the vowel sound in a word is long, put an \begin{align*}\text{X}\end{align*} in the “Long vowel” column. If the vowel sound in a word is short, put an \begin{align*}\text{X}\end{align*} in the “Short vowel” column:

Word Long vowel Short vowel
then \begin{align*}X\end{align*}
bring
hide
last
name
still
leave
left
long
those
height
three
day
peace
fruit
laugh
twice
soft
hide
hid
chance

Word Find. Find the twelve words that have either long or short <o>'s in them:

\begin{align*}& \text{hotdog} && \text{cannot} && \text{long} && \text{close} \\ & \text{open} && \text{dot} && \text{so} && \text{those} \\ & \text{home} && \text{on} && \text{fox} && \text{got} \end{align*}

List the words in alphabetical order:

1. __________
2. __________
3. __________
4. __________
5. __________
6. __________
7. __________
8. __________
9. __________
10. __________
11. __________
12. __________

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