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11.2: Final < e > and Ve# Stems That End < ee > and < ie >

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Final <e> and Ve# Stems That End <ee> and <ie>

1. Here are some words with Ve# stems that end <ee>. Your job is the same as it was with the <oe> stem words in the previous lesson:

Word = Stem + Suffix Did final <e> deletion occur?
seeing = see + ing
foreseeable = foresee + able
agreeable = agree + able
agreeing = agree + ing
refereed = referee + ed
refereeing = referee + ing
freest = free + est
seer = see + er
guaranteeing = guarantee + ing
foreseeable = foresee + able

2. When you add a suffix that starts with a vowel to a stem that ends <ee>, you do NOT delete the final <e> if the suffix starts with the letters _________ or _________. Otherwise, you do delete the final <e>, just as the Final <e> Deletion Rule says.

3. Ve# stems that end with <ie> do something special when we add certain suffixes to them. For instance, here is what happens when we add -ing to the stem lie:

\begin{align*}l\cancel{i}\cancel{e} + y + ing = lying.\end{align*}lie+y+ing=lying.

The final <e> is deleted, as the rule says it should be. But notice that if we stopped there, we'd get li\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*}e + ing = \begin{align*}^*\end{align*}liing. English avoids <ii>, so \begin{align*}^*\end{align*}liing is an unacceptable spelling. But we can't just delete one of the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}<i>s, because that would lead to \begin{align*}^*\end{align*}ling, which doesn't look at all like the sound of the word it is meant to spell.

So we make use of the fact that \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}<i> and <y> are a two-letter team. You've already seen that in a number of words we change a <y> to an \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}<i> when we add a suffix. For example: try + ed = tr\begin{align*}\cancel{y}\end{align*}y+ i + ed = tried and lady + es = lad\begin{align*}\cancel{y}\end{align*}y + i + es = ladies. When we want to add -ing to a word like lie, we do just the opposite: We change the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}<i> to <y>: l\begin{align*}\cancel{i} \cancel{e}\end{align*}ie + y + ing = lying.

However, this \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}<i> to <y> change only occurs when the suffix starts with \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}. With other suffixes we just delete the final <e>: lie + ed = li\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ed = lied and lie + ar = li\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ar = liar.

4. Analyze each of the following words into its stem with <ie> and suffix. Show any changes of \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} to <y>:

Words = Stem + Suffix Did the <l> change to <y>?
lying = l\begin{align*}\cancel{i}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + y + ing Yes
lied =
lies =
tied =
tying =
ties =
died =
dying =
pies =

5. When you add a suffix that starts with the letter _________ to a stem that ends <ie>, you change the __________ to an __________ and delete the __________. Otherwise, you just delete the final <e>.

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Date Created:
Feb 23, 2012
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CK.ENG.ENG.SE.1.Basic-Speller.11.2
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