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11.24: Lesson Twenty-four

Created by: CK-12

The Sounds of <\text{a}> Before <ll>

1. Usually the <ll> spelling follows the VCC pattern. For instance, in ballads, fellows, thrilling, dollar, and bullet, there is a short vowel in front of the <ll>, and it is always the vowel sound that it looks as if it should be: In ballads there is a short <\text{a}>; in fellows there is a short <e>; in thrilling and dollar, a short <\text{i}> and short <o>; in bullet a short <oo>, [\dot{\text{u}}].

But read the following words aloud. Pay special attention to the vowel sound in front of the <ll> in each one. If you are not sure how to pronounce any of them, look them up in the dictionary or ask your teacher for some help. Sometimes right in front of the <ll> you should hear the short <\text{a}> sound, [a], that the spelling suggests, but sometimes you should hear the short <o> sound, [o]. Remember: Short <\text{a}> is the vowel you hear in hat. Short <o> is the vowel you hear in hot. Mark the vowel sound in front of the <ll>, as we have done with stalled.

& \text{stalled} && \text{tallest} && \text{eyeballs} && \text{befallen} \\& \quad [o] \\& \text{stallions} && \text{tallied} && \text{balladist} && \text{fallacies} \\& \text{allies} && \text{allergies} && \text{recalling} && \text{hallowed} \\ & \text{halls} && \text{overalls} && \text{callousness} && \text{valley} \\& \text{appalled} && \text{alligators} && \text{mailing} && \text{shallowness} \\& \text{challenge} && \text{balloting} && \text{galleries} && \text{smallest}

2. Each of the twenty-four words contains a free stem plus a suffix. Analyze each one:

Word = Free Stem + Suffix Word = Free Stem + Suffix
stalled = stall + ed

4. Now look at the twenty-four free stems you just found in your analysis. Sort them into this matrix:

4. When the letters <ll> come at the end of a free stem, an <\text{a}> before them will spell ______. When the <ll> comes in the middle of a free stem, an <\text{a}> before them will spell ______.

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Feb 23, 2012

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Apr 29, 2014
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CK.ENG.ENG.SE.1.Basic-Speller.11.24

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