<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/">
Skip Navigation
You are reading an older version of this FlexBook® textbook: Basic Speller Student Materials Go to the latest version.

12.19: When You Hear [g], Sometimes There's an < x >!

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

When You Hear [g], Sometimes There's an <x>!

1. Sometimes the letter <x> spells the combination [ks], and sometimes it spells the combination [gz]. Sometimes a word can be pronounced either with a [ks] or [gz]. For instance, some people pronounce exit With a [ks], [\acute{\text{e}}ksit], and some people pronounce it with a [gz], [\acute{\text{e}}gzit]. Either pronunciation is correct.

Almost always the <x> that spells [gz] is in the prefix ex-, and the stem that follows the prefix begins with a vowel. Analyze each of the following words, all of which contain the prefix ex-.

Word = Formula = Analysis
exercised = Prefix + stem =
inexactly = Prefix + prefix + base + suffix =
explosion = Prefix + stem =
extensive = Prefix + stem =
exhaustive = Prefix + base + suffix =
exhibit = Prefix + stem =
examined = Prefix + stem =
exposure = Prefix + base + suffix =
exclude = Prefix + stem =
extended = Prefix + base + suffix =
executive = Prefix + stem =
exorbitant = Prefix + stem =
exclusive = Prefix + stem =

2. Some other things about [g] and <g>:

One other common word in which <x> spells [gz] is auxiliary.

The only word that ends in <gg> is egg.

In the word mortgage, the [g] is spelled <tg>. The word mortgage is a compound that contains two bases: mort, which means “death” (as in words like mortal and mortuary), and gage, which means “promise or pledge.” When we try to pronounce [t] and [g] together, we find it difficult, and to simplify the pronunciation, the [t] sound is left out. So in mortgage [g] is spelled <tg>.

Image Attributions




1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Last Modified:

Jan 16, 2015
Files can only be attached to the latest version of None


Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original

Original text