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12.8: The <i>-Before-<e> Rule and Spelling Long <a> and Long <i>

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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The <I> Before <E> Rule and Spelling [ā] and [ī]

It's <i> before <e>, except after <c>

Or when spelling [ā], as in neighbor or weigh.

1. You've seen that when you are spelling long <e> the first line of the jingle is a good guide. The second line of the jingle is a good guide when you are spelling long <a>. Long <a> is never spelled <ie>. So far as the choice between <ie> and <ei> is concerned, when spelling [ā] always choose <ei>. Underline the letters that are spelling long <a> in the following words. Do not underline <gh> as part of the spelling of long <a>:

neighborveinreigneightheirweighveilfreighttheirreindeersurveillancesleigh

2. Sort the words into these two groups:

3. We can make the I-Before-E Rule even more useful if we add something about spelling long <i> to it. Underline the letters that spell long <i> in the following words. Again, don't underline any silent <gh> after long <i>:

eiderdownkaleidoscopemagpieheightuntieneitherfeistyseismicsleightpoltergeisteitherunderlie

4. Sort the words into these two groups:

5. Among these words, is [ī] at the end of the word spelled <ei> or <ie>? _________

At the beginning or in the middle of words [ī] is spelled _________.

6. In the previous lesson you saw that the <ie> spelling of long <e> often occurs when a stem that ends in <y> has a suffix added to it that starts with <e>: gallery+es = gallery+ i + es = galleries. The <ie> spelling of long <i> sometimes occurs in the same way: sky + es = sky+ i + es = skies, with [ī] spelled <ie>. Combine the following stems and suffixes and underline the letters that spell [ī]:

Free Stem + Suffix = Analysis = Word
sky + es = sky+ i + es = skies
ally + es = =
dignify + ed = =
satisfy + ed = =
modify + es = =
terrify + ed = =
multiply + ed = =
testify + es = =
qualify + ed = =
dry + es = =

7. Notice that this <ie> spelling of long <i> also comes at the end of the free stem, just as it does in words like untie and magpie. So now our I-Before-E Rule can tell us the following things:

a. When we're spelling long <e>, it's <i> before <e> except after <c>.

b. When we're spelling long <a> it's <e> before <i>.

c. When we're spelling long <i>, it's <i> before <e> at the end of free stems, but it's <e> before <i> everyplace else.

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Grades:
1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5
Date Created:
Feb 23, 2012
Last Modified:
Oct 09, 2015
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