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13.20: Sometimes [k] is Spelled <q>, Sometimes <qu>

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

Sometimes [k] is Spelled <q>, Sometimes <qu>

1. In a few words the letter <q> is used in the spelling of the sound [k]. The letter <q> always is followed by the letter \begin{align*}<\text{u}>\end{align*}. Sometimes the \begin{align*}<\text{u}>\end{align*} spells the sound [w] so that the <qu> spells [kw]. Sometimes the <qu> spells just [k]. Read the following words, paying special attention to whether the <qu> in each spells [kw] or just [k]:

\begin{align*}&\text{antique} && \text{conquest} && \text{consequently} && \text{mosquito} && \text{requirement}\\ &\text{earthquake} && \text{equality} && \text{equipment} && \text{squadron} && \text{square}\\ &\text{equivalent} && \text{physique} && \text{exquisite} && \text{frequently} && \text{squirrel}\\ &\text{liquor} && \text{liquid} && \text{unique} && \text{request} && \text{squeak}\\ &\text{quantity} && \text{quarrel} && \text{question} && \text{technique} && \text{subsequently}\\ &\text{quickly} && \text{picturesque} && \text{quietly} && \text{quotation} && \text{squeeze}\end{align*}

2. Sort the words into these two groups:

3. In words in which <qu> spells [kw], the \begin{align*}<\text{u}>\end{align*} spells [w], so [k] is spelled _______. But in words in which the \begin{align*}<\text{u}>\end{align*} does not spell [w], [k] is spelled ________.

4. Whether it's spelling [kw] or [k], <qu> nearly always comes at the very beginning or the very end of the element it is in.

In the thirty words above there are eleven in which the the [k] spelled either <q> or <qu> is the first or the last sound in the word. When it comes at the end, it has a silent final <e> insulating the \begin{align*}<\text{u}>\end{align*}. Find the eleven words and copy them into the table below.

5. When the [k] is not the first or last sound of the word it is in, it nearly always is the first or last sound of the element it is in. For instance, earthquake is earth + quake, with the [k] spelled <q> the first sound in the free stem quake. Analyze each of the following words. Show any assimilation.

Word Formula Analysis
earthquake Free stem + free stem earth + quake
conquest Prefix + free base
exquisite Prefix + bound stem
requirement Prefix + bound base + suffix
request Prefix + free base
liquor Bound base + suffix -or
liquid Bound base + suffix
equality Bound base + suffix + suffix
subsequently Prefix + bound base + suffix -ent + suffix\begin{align*}^{2}\end{align*}
consequently Prefix + bound base + suffix\begin{align*}^{1}\end{align*} + suffix\begin{align*}^{2}\end{align*}
turquoise Bound base + suffix -oise
bouquet Bound base + suffix -et
mosquito Bound base + suffix -ito
frequently Bound base + suffix\begin{align*}^{1}\end{align*} + suffix\begin{align*}^{2}\end{align*}

6. In five of the thirty words in Item 1 in which [k] is spelled <q>, the <qu> is part of the cluster <squ> Those five words are:

7. Where does the <squ> cluster come in these nine words? _______

8. The <q> or <qu> that spell [k] are nearly always at the very _______ or _______ of the element in which the occur.

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