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# 13.24: Lesson Twenty-four

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## More About -ance and -ence

1. You have seen two patterns that can help you know when to choose -ence rather than -ance.

a. Stems that can form adjectives ending in [enshəl] spelled <ential> will form nouns with -ence, as in confidential and confidence.

b. Bound stems that form nouns ending in [əns] usually take -ence, as in patience.

It would be easy if we could just say that everyplace else you should choose -ance. Alas, it is more complicated than that, though there are some things we can say that can directly help you know when to use -ance.

But nouns that end in either -ence or -ance very often have a partner word, an adjective that ends in either -ent or -ant. For instance, the noun confidence has the partner adjective confident. And if a noun ends in -ence and has such a partner adjective, the adjective will always have -ent. If a noun ends in -ance and has such a partner adjetive, the adjective will be have -ant.

This doe not directly help us choose between -ance and -ence, but sometimes we can remember how to spell the adjective but not the noun, or vice versa, so it can help to remember that -ance goes with -ant while -ence goes with -ent.

2. Fill in the blanks. Some of the adjectives can also be used as nouns:

assistance
confidence
different
attendant
consequence
existence
defiant
convenient
evidence
resistance
independent
violent
ignorance
innocence
silent
referent
importance
intelligence
obedient
patient
residence
presence

## Subjects:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Feb 23, 2012

Sep 01, 2014