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14.11: Lesson Thirty-five

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Homophones and Near-Homophones

1. Homophones are two or more words that have different spellings and meanings but sound exactly alike, such as bare and bear. Near-homophones are two or more words that have different spellings and meanings and sound very much alike, though not exactly, such as the nouns refuse “garbage, rubbish” and refuge “haven, protection.”

2. Many homophones and near-homophones involve the spellings <\text{s}>, <c>, <sc>, and the sounds [s] and [z], like the following twenty-four sets:

advice, advise

cell, sell

cellar, seller

cent, sent, scent

cereal, serial

cite, sight, site

conscience, conscious

cymbal, symbol

decent, descent

device, devise

discuss, discus

hiss, his

loose, lose

mussel, muscle

phase, faze

please, pleas

pries, prize

prose, pros

quarts, quartz

recent, resent

refuse, refuge

sects, sex

sic(k)s, six

vice, vise

Sort the sets into the following groups:

3. Two of the sets are homophones because of different spellings of [ks]. Write them into the following table:

4. Four of the sets are homophones partly because of different spellings of the sound [z]:

5. Nine of the sets are homophones partly because of different spellings of the sound [s]:

6. Six of the sets of near-homophones contain words with [z] spelled <\text{s}>:

7. Two of the sets of near-homophones involve shifting the stress from the first to the second vowel:

8. One of the sets of near-homophones involves an [n] near the end of one of the words that can easily get lost:

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Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

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Apr 29, 2014
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CK.ENG.ENG.SE.1.Basic-Speller.14.11

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