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# 14.17: Where and When [sh] is Spelled < t >

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Where and When [sh] is Spelled <t>

1. Is [sh] ever spelled <t> at the beginning of a word? _______. Is [sh] ever spelled <t> at the end of a word? _______

2. Here are some words in which [sh] is spelled <t>. In each word mark the two letters following the <t> that spells [sh], either ‘v’ or ‘c’ for vowel or consonant, as we have done with ambition:

ambition vvassociationconventionsfractionsdeletionpartialquotientproportionsubtractionimpatiencecontributionrepetitionaffectionatelyprescriptionreceptionindignationconstitutionrestrictionsquotationimmigration\begin{align*}&\text{ambition} && \text{partial} && \text{contribution} && \text{indignation}\\ & \qquad \ \text{vv}\\ &\text{association} && \text{quotient} && \text{repetition} && \text{constitution}\\ &\text{conventions} && \text{proportion} && \text{affectionately} && \text{restrictions}\\ &\text{fractions} && \text{subtraction} && \text{prescription} && \text{quotation}\\ &\text{deletion} && \text{impatience} && \text{reception} && \text{immigration}\end{align*}

3. You should have found that in every word there was always the same pattern following the <t>. Was it CC, CV, VV, or VC? _______

4. Whenever <t> spells [sh] it is always followed by two vowels. The vowel right after the <t> is always the same one. What is it? _______

5. Whenever [sh] is spelled <t>, the <t> is always followed by two vowels, and the first of the two vowels is always an <i>\begin{align*} <\text{i}> \end{align*}. That pattern explains why <t> spells [t] in the first word in each of the following pairs but it spells [sh] in the second word:

<t> spells [t] <t> spells [sh]
native nátion
receptive reception
parting partial
deleted deletion
immigrated immigration
fractal fraction
affecting affection

6. In the words in the right column above is the <t> always followed by an <i>\begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} and another vowel? _______. In the words in the left column is the <t> ever followed by an <i>\begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} and another vowel? _______

7. In the right column what sound does <t> spell? _______. In the left column what sound does <t> spell? _______

8. In each of the words in the right column, mark the vowel that has heavy stress, as we have done with nation. Does the <i>\begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} and the next vowel after the <t> that spells [sh] ever have heavy stress on it? _______

When [sh] is spelled <t>, the two vowels after the <t> will always be unstressed.

9. In each of the following words [sh] is spelled <t> and each one ends with the suffix -ion. Analyze each word into its stem and -ion, showing any changes that occurred when the stem and suffix combined. Most of the stems are free, but one is bound. Be sure to show any final <e> deletions:

Word = Stem + Suffix -ion
legislation = legislat\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ion
indication =
calculation =
restriction =
contribution =
appreciation =
precaution =

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