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14.4: Bound Stems with -ic and -al

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

Bound Stems with -ic and -al

1. You have seen that the suffixes -ic and -al are sometimes added to bound stems. For instance, the word mechanical can be analyzed into -ic plus -al added to the bound stem mechan. When -ic or -al are added to bound stems, it can be hard sometimes to recognize that the suffixes are there. So here are some nouns and adjectives to analyze for practice. They all contain a bound stem plus either -ic or -al, or both:

Noun or Adjective Bound Stem + Suffix or Suffixes
mystical myst + ic + al
legal
medical
mortal
mental
technical
liberal
public
physical
social
criminal
elastic

2. Now try some the other way around:

Bound Stem + Suffix or Suffixes Noun or Adjective
myst + ic + al mystical
mechan + ic + al
chem + ic + al
loc + al
equ + al
re + al
princip + al
republ + ic
gigant + ic
capit + al
com + ic + al
immort + al

3. Some of the bound stems in these words are in several other words. For instance, the bound stem mort in mortal means “death” and is in the following words. Underline the bound stem mort in each of them:

$\text{mortgage} && \text{mortify} && \text{mortician} && \text{amortize} && \text{mortuary}$

The bound stem in liberal is liber, “free.” Underline it in each of the following:

$\text{liberty} && \text{liberality} && \text{unliberated} && \text{illiberal}$

The bound stem ment in mental means “mind.” Underline it in each of the following:

$\text{mentality} && \text{demented} && \text{mention} && \text{comment}$

The bound stem myst means “secret.” Underline it in each of the following:

$\text{mystical} && \text{mysterious} && \text{mysticism} && \text{mystery} && \text{mystify}$

The bound stem med in medical means “heal.” Underline it:

$\text{mystical} && \text{medication} && \text{medicine} && \text{remedy} && \text{remedial} && \text{medics}$

Subjects:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Feb 23, 2012

Jan 16, 2015