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# 15.14: VCV Summarized

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## VCV Summarized

1. The rule that says that the head vowel in a VCV string will normally be long is very useful. But you have seen that it is complicated by three smaller rules that can overrule it:

The Suffix -ity Rule. The vowel right in front of the suffix -ity will always be __________, whatever kind of string it is in.

The Third Vowel Rule. The third vowel sound from the end of a word will often be __________ if it is __________ , even if it is the first vowel in a __________ string.

The French Lemon Rule: Words that have __________ vowel sounds and were borrowed from __________ will have a __________ first vowel, even in a __________ string.

2. Mark the VCV strings in the following words, starting with the vowel in bold type in each one:

\begin{align*} &\text{adv}\mathbf{i}\text{sor} && \mathbf{a}\text{gent} && \text{l}\mathbf{e}\text{gend} && \text{n}\mathbf{a}\text{ture} && \text{simpl}\mathbf{i}\text{city}\\ &\text{cl}\mathbf{o}\text{set} && \text{n}\mathbf{a}\text{vel} && \text{m}\mathbf{o}\text{lar} && \text{qu}\mathbf{a}\text{lity} && \text{s}\mathbf{o}\text{litude}\\ &\text{excl}\mathbf{u}\text{sive} && \text{comp}\mathbf{e}\text{titor} && \text{l}\mathbf{e}\text{gal} && \text{r}\mathbf{e}\text{cent} && \text{s}\mathbf{o}\text{lo}\\ &\text{extr}\mathbf{e}\text{mely} && \text{cour}\mathbf{a}\text{geous} && \text{l}\mathbf{o}\text{cal} && \text{r}\mathbf{i}\text{tual} && \text{m}\mathbf{o}\text{ment}\\ &\text{publ}\mathbf{i}\text{city} && \text{electr}\mathbf{i}\text{city} && \text{r}\mathbf{a}\text{tion} && \text{ser}\mathbf{e}\text{ne} && \text{st}\mathbf{o}\text{mach}\\ &\text{f}\mathbf{o}\text{cus} && \text{cr}\mathbf{i}\text{minal} && \text{r}\mathbf{a}\text{tio} && \text{sch}\mathbf{e}\text{dule} && \text{y}\mathbf{o}\text{del}\end{align*}

3. Sort the words into these two groups:

4. Now sort the twelve words with short vowels into the following three groups:

Words in which the short vowel is due to the . . .
Suffix -ity Rule Third Vowel Rule French Lemon Rule

5. The following sentence summarizes the three rules that can lead to short vowels in VCV strings: In a VCV string the first vowel will usually be __________, but the third syllable from the end of a word will often be __________ if it is __________, even if it is the first vowel in a VCV string; and the vowel right in front of the suffix __________ will be __________ even if it is the first vowel in a VCV string; and many words that were borrowed from __________ will have short vowels in a VCV string.

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