1. The rule that says that the head vowel in a VCV string will normally be long is very useful. But you have seen that it is complicated by three smaller rules that can overrule it:
The Suffix -ity Rule. The vowel right in front of the suffix -ity will always be __________, whatever kind of string it is in.
The Third Vowel Rule. The third vowel sound from the end of a word will often be __________ if it is __________ , even if it is the first vowel in a __________ string.
The French Lemon Rule: Words that have __________ vowel sounds and were borrowed from __________ will have a __________ first vowel, even in a __________ string.
2. Mark the VCV strings in the following words, starting with the vowel in bold type in each one:
3. Sort the words into these two groups:
4. Now sort the twelve words with short vowels into the following three groups:
Words in which the short vowel is due to the . . .
Suffix -ity Rule
Third Vowel Rule
French Lemon Rule
5. The following sentence summarizes the three rules that can lead to short vowels in VCV strings: In a VCV string the first vowel will usually be __________, but the third syllable from the end of a word will often be __________ if it is __________, even if it is the first vowel in a VCV string; and the vowel right in front of the suffix __________ will be __________ even if it is the first vowel in a VCV string; and many words that were borrowed from __________ will have short vowels in a VCV string.