# 15.17: The Set of Bound Bases ceive and cept

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## The Set of Bound Bases ceive and cept

1. The bound bases ceive and cept both come from the Latin verb, capere, which meant “to take.” The meaning they add to words today is usually not too clear, but they usually add a meaning like “take.” For instance, the ad- in accept means “to, toward,” and when you accept something you take it to yourself.

Notice how ceive and cept work together in these sentences:

When you receive something, it's a reception.

When you deceive someone, it's a deception.

Bases that work together in this way are called a set. A set consists of two or more elements that work together as a team. They are related etymologically and they are usually more or less similar in spelling and meaning.

Sort the following words into the matrix below:

\begin{align*} &\text{conceive} && \text{preconception} &&\text{reception} && \text{exception}\\ &\text{concept} && \text{acceptance} && \text{contraceptive} && \text{perception}\\ &\text{receive} && \text{deceive} && \text{deception} &&\text{receptor}\\ &\text{receptacle} &&\text{conception} && \text{susceptibility} && \text{perceive}\end{align*}

2. Fill in with either ceive or cept. Usually when we want a verb, we use __________, and when we want a noun, we use __________.

Three holdouts to this conclusion are the verbs accept, except, and intercept. We do not have the verbs *acceive, *exceive, or *Interceive and apparently never have had.

3. We can use ceive and cept to form adjectives and adverbs. Analyze the following adjectives into prefixes, bases, and suffixes:

exceptional =
inconceivable =
perceptible =
unacceptable =
conceptual =
deceptive =
unexceptionable =
imperceptible =
receptively =
receivable =
susceptible =
unaccepting =

4. \begin{align*}<\text{I}>\end{align*} Before <E> Rule: If the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} and the <e> are in the same _________, it's \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} before <e>, except

1. after ______________, or
2. when spelling _____________, as in neighbor or _____________, or
3. when spelling __________ that is at the element’s beginning or _____________.

In ceive the spelling is <e> before \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} after <c>, just as the \begin{align*}<\text{I}>\end{align*} Before <E> Rule says.

Most of the time when you are faced with a <cei> spelling, it will be in a word with the base ceive.

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