# 15.20: More About cede, ceed, and cess

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## More About cede, ceed, and cess

1. Although the bases cede and ceed appear in a number of words, neither is in the word supersede. The base in supersede is sede. Cede comes from a Latin word that meant “go, go back, give way”; sede comes from a Latin word that meant “sit.” Super- means “above,” so supersede means something like “to sit above, to be superior to.” Remember that the base sede in supersede starts with an <s>\begin{align*}<\text{s}>\end{align*} just like sit.

The verb cede, as you've seen, has a noun partner, cession, which means “something that is surrendered or ceded formally to another.“ And cession has a homophone, session. Session is related to the base sede and means, basically, “a sitting.” In fact, we still speak of a court sitting in session.

2. The verb proceed has another unusual thing about it: Though it fits the proceed, process, process pattern, when we add the suffix -ure to it, to make a noun, the noun is not spelled *proceedure, as we would expect it to be. Instead it is procedure. Think of it this way: We spell the noun procedure as if the verb proceed contained the base form cede rather than ceed.

You may find it easier to remember how to spell procedure if you remember that both proceed and procedure contain two <e>'s. In proceed the two <e>'s are side by side; in procedure they're spread out a bit.

3. Analyze the following words into prefixes, bases, and suffixes, showing any changes that occurred when the elements combined:

Word Analysis
proceed
proceedings
proceeded
procedure
procedures
procedural
procedurally
necessarily
preceding
recesses
cessions
sessions
superseding
abscess
antecedents
precedents

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