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16.12: Lesson Thirty-six

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Even More About -able and -ible

1. You have seen that sets of bases work together as a team, the way ceed and cess work together in the verb succeed and the noun success. Sometimes one member of a set will be used for the noun ending in <ion> and another for the adjective ending in [əbəl]. For instance, consider the nouns and adjectives derived from the verbs reclaim and comprehend:

In the set claim, clam, the noun reclamation uses the bound base clam while, the adjective reclaimable use the free base claim.

Verb Noun Adjective
reclaim reclamation reclaimable

On the other hand, in the set hend, hens, the noun comprehension uses the same base as the the adjective comprehensible.

Verb Noun Adjective
comprehend comprehension comprehensible

2. Fill in the blanks and answer the questions following the table:

Verb Noun Adjective
absorption absorbable
certification certifiable
comprehension comprehensible
destroy destructible
disposition disposable
divide dividable
explain explainable
explosion explosible
perceptible
persuade persuasible
pronunciation pronounceable
reclaimable
resolution resolvable
revelation revealable
satisfaction satisfiable
solve solvable
submerge submersible
transmittable

3. In the words in this array if the noun uses a different base from the adjective, the adjective ends in _______. If the noun uses the same base as the adjective, the adjective ends in _______.

4. That leads to a fairly good generalization: In verb-noun-adjective families, if the noun ending in <ion> uses a different base from the adjective, the adjective takes -able; if the noun uses the same base as the adjective, the adjective takes -ible.

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Feb 23, 2012

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