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# 5.22: The Combinations [ur] and [ər]

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## The Combinations [ur] and [ər]

1. You can hear both of the combinations [ur] and [ər] in the word burner. Each of them combines a vowel with the sound of the <r>. They sound much alike, but one has strong stress and the other has weak stress.

In burner is the strong stress on the first vowel sound or is it on the second? ______.

The pronunciation of the vowel sound with strong stress in burner is written [ur]. The one with weak stress is written with a schwa: [ər]. We write the pronunciation of burner this way: [bu´\begin{align*}\acute{\text{u}}\end{align*}rnər].

2. Each of the following words contains the sound [ur]; none contains the sound [ər]. Mark the strong stress in each word and underline the letters that spell [ur] .

perchingcourageservicepurpose\begin{align*}& \text{perching} && \text{courage} && \text{service} && \text{purpose}\end{align*}

3. Each of the following words contains the sound [ər]; none contains [ur]. Mark the strong stress in each word and then underline the letters that spell [ər]:

centerdollarsdoctoreffort\begin{align*}& \text{center} && \text{dollars} && \text{doctor} && \text{effort}\end{align*}

4. Each of the following words contains either the sound [ur] or the sound [ər]. None of them contains both. Mark the strong stress in each word and underline the letters that spell the [ur] or the [ər]:

urgentcolorcirclesurface\begin{align*}& \text{urgent} && \text{color} && \text{circle} && \text{surface}\end{align*}

Which of the four words contains [ər]? ________________.

5. Each of the following words contains both [ur] and [ər]. Mark the strong stress in each word and underline the letters that spell [ər]:

searchermurderworkersmurmur\begin{align*}& \text{searcher} && \text{murder} && \text{workers} && \text{murmur}\end{align*}

Word Flow

In this Word Flow you can string together about one hundred words. Some will contain [ur]; some will contain [ur] and [ər]. If you can get more than fifty words, you are doing very well.

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