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# 5.8: Another Suffix Spelled < s >

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Another Suffix Spelled \begin{align*}<\text{s}>\end{align*}

1. Consider the sentence “He seems upset.” If we put “Now” and “Yesterday” before that sentence, we get the following:

1. Now he seems upset.
2. Yesterday he seems upset.

Sentence 2 should sound odd to you. To make it sound right, we must change seems to seemed : “Yesterday he seemed upset.”

Words that change their pronunciation and spelling to show a change in time the way seems changed to seemed are called verbs. So seemed and seems are verbs.

The following are three different ways of describing a verb:

1. A verb is a word that changes its spelling and pronunciation to show a change in time.
2. A verb is a word that shows action or a state of being.
3. Most verbs will make sense in one of the following blanks:

“They __________ okay.”

or

“It __________ okay.”

2. Usually we use the suffix -ed to show past time. Many verbs that show present time use the suffix -s . Analyze each of the verbs seemed and seems into its free stem and suffix:

Verb = Free Stem + Suffix
seemed = +
seems = +

3. What is the suffix in seems? __________.

This -s suffix is spelled just like the -s suffix that adds the meaning “more than one” to singular nouns and makes them plural. But they are two different suffixes.

In the verb seemed the suffix -ed adds the meaning “in the past.” In the verb seems which of these meanings does the suffix -s add: “not," “again," “now"? __________.

So we have two suffixes spelled \begin{align*}<\text{s}>\end{align*}. The one for nouns adds the meaning “more than one,” and the one for verbs adds the meaning __________.

4. Analyze each of these verbs into its prefix, free stem, and suffix. Be sure to show any changes:

Verb = Prefix + Free Stem + Suffix
unmatched = un + match + ed
unwrapped = + +
reattached = + +
unlocks = + +
reweighs = + +
untried = + +
reacts = + +

5. Add these prefixes, free stems, and suffixes together to make verbs. Show any changes:

Prefix + Free Stem + Suffix = Verb
un + button + s =
un + pack + ed =
re + fasten + s =
un + fold + ed =
re + load + ed =
un + dress + ed =
re + pay + s =
re + wrap + ed =
re + wax + ed =
re + order + ed =
re + package + ing =
un + cover + ed =

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