<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/">
Skip Navigation
You are reading an older version of this FlexBook® textbook: Basic Speller Student Materials Go to the latest version.

6.13: Soft < g > and Hard < g >

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

Soft <g> and Hard <g>

1. You’ve seen that a soft <c> spells the sound [s], as in acid, and that a hard <c> spells the sound [k], as in actor. You've also seen that a soft <c> has to have either an <e>, <\text{i}>, or <y> right after it.

The letter <g> sometimes spells the sound [j] as in gem, and it sometimes spells the sound [g] as in gum. When it spells the [j] sound, it is called soft <g>. When it spells the [g] sound, it is called hard <g>.

2. Pronounce each of the following words. Pay special attention to the sounds being spelled by the <g> in each of them. Sort the words into the matrix:

& \text {agent}&& \text {ignorance}&& \text {agriculture}&& \text {college}&& \text {angel}\\& \text {recognize}&& \text {grower}&& \text {gypped}&& \text {digest}&& \text {angle}\\& \text {argue}&& \text {genies}&& \text {intelligence}&& \text {disgusted}&& \text {regret}\\& \text {sergeant}&& \text {discharge}&& \text {glimpse}&& \text {goddess}&& \text {legislator}\\& \text {challenge}&& \text {gleamed}&& \text {twig}&& \text {biology}&& \text {frog}

3. You should have found that the letter <g> spells the [j] sound only when it has one of three letters right after it. The three letters are _______, _______, and _______.

The letter <g> is called soft <g> when it spells the sound ______.

A soft <g> always has one of three letters right after it: _______, _______, or _______.

4. Soft <g> always will have <e>, <\text{i}>, or <y> after it. But not every <g> that has one of these three letters after it is a soft <g>! Look at these words, with hard <g>s where we'd expect soft ones: get, together, hunger, give, and girl.

So we can't say that any <g> with <e>, <\text{i}>, or <y> after it will be soft. But we can say that any soft <g> will have <e>, <\text{i}>, or <y> after it.

5. The letter <c> is soft when it has the letters _______, _______, or _______ after it. The soft <c> spells the sound _______.

6. Soft <c> and <g> always have the letters _______, _______, or _______ after them.

7. Combine these free stems and suffixes. Watch for cases of twinning and final <e> deletion:

Free Stem + Suffix = Word
god + ess =
biologist + s =
disgust + ing =
gold + en =
gyp + ing =
intelligent + ly =
legislate + or =
ignore + ance =

Image Attributions




1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Last Modified:

Jan 16, 2015
Files can only be attached to the latest version of None


Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original

Help us improve the site! Which of the following best describes your visit today?

I'm a student and I found this site on my own.
I'm a student and my teacher told me to come to this site.
I'm a teacher looking for materials to use in class.
I'm preparing for teacher certification exam, e.g. Praxis II.

Thanks for answering this poll. Your feedback will help us continue to improve the site!

Original text