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6.16: Silent Final < e > and Stress

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Silent Final <e> and Stress

1. Final <e> Deletion Rule. You delete a final <e> that marks a _______ or a _______ only when you add a suffix that starts with ________, ________, or ________; you delete a final <e> that is only marking a long vowel when you add a suffix that starts with any ________.

2. You have seen that one of the things silent final <e> does is to mark a vowel as long in a VCV string at the end of a word. So rat has a short \begin{align*}<\text{a}>\end{align*} sound, [a], but rate has a long one, [á]. The silent final <e> in rate fills out the VCV string and the first vowel is long: \begin{align*}\underset{\text{vcv}}{rate}\end{align*}

But sometimes silent final <e> does not mark the vowel in front of it as long. For instance, in the word engine the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} is not long even though the silent final <e> makes a VCV string: \begin{align*}\underset{\text{vcv}}{engine} \end{align*}

The rule is this: Silent final <e> only marks a vowel long if the vowel has strong stress.

In the word decide the strong stress is on the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*}: decíde. So in decide the silent final <e> marks the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} as long. But in the word engine the strong stress is on the first <e>, and the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} has weak stress: éngine. So in engine the silent final <e> does not mark the \begin{align*}<\text{i}>\end{align*} as long.

3. Mark the strong stress in each of these words. Remember that when a word has two vowel sounds, the strong stress is usually on the first vowel — not always, but usually:

\begin{align*}& \text {missile}&& \text {college}&& \text {office}&& \text {climate}&& \text {decide}\\ & \text {service}&& \text {dispute}&& \text {package} && \text {remote}&& \text {reduce}\\ & \text {passage}&& \text {practice}&& \text {require}&& \text {suppose}&& \text {active}\\ & \text {notice}&& \text {courage}&& \text {surface}&& \text {manage}&& \text {purpose}\end{align*}

4. Now sort the words into this matrix:

5. A silent final <e> only marks a long vowel if the final vowel sound in the word has ______ stress.

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Date Created:
Feb 23, 2012
Last Modified:
Jan 16, 2015
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