Silent Final <e> and Stress
1. Final <e> Deletion Rule. You delete a final <e> that marks a _______ or a _______ only when you add a suffix that starts with ________, ________, or ________; you delete a final <e> that is only marking a long vowel when you add a suffix that starts with any ________.
2. You have seen that one of the things silent final <e> does is to mark a vowel as long in a VCV string at the end of a word. So rat has a short <a> sound, [a], but rate has a long one, [á]. The silent final <e> in rate fills out the VCV string and the first vowel is long: ratevcv
But sometimes silent final <e> does not mark the vowel in front of it as long. For instance, in the word engine the <i> is not long even though the silent final <e> makes a VCV string: enginevcv
The rule is this: Silent final <e> only marks a vowel long if the vowel has strong stress.
In the word decide the strong stress is on the <i>: decíde. So in decide the silent final <e> marks the <i> as long. But in the word engine the strong stress is on the first <e>, and the <i> has weak stress: éngine. So in engine the silent final <e> does not mark the <i> as long.
3. Mark the strong stress in each of these words. Remember that when a word has two vowel sounds, the strong stress is usually on the first vowel — not always, but usually:
4. Now sort the words into this matrix:
5. A silent final <e> only marks a long vowel if the final vowel sound in the word has ______ stress.