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7.3: The Suffix -ist

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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The Suffix -ist

1. Earlier you saw that the suffix -er changes verbs into nouns with the meaning “one that does”:

\begin{align*}&\underset{\text{verb}}{\text{teach}} + \text{er} = \underset{\text{noun}}{\text{teacher}} \ (“\text{one who teaches}”)\\ &\underset{\text{verb}}{\text{burn}} + \text{er} = \underset{\text{noun}}{\text{burner}} \ (“\text{one that burns}”)\end{align*}

The suffix -ist changes nouns, verbs, and adjectives into nouns, with the meaning “one that works with, is connected with, or believes in” the thing referred to in the stem:

\begin{align*}&\underset{\text{noun}}{\text{harp}} + \text{ist} = \underset{\text{noun}}{\text{harpist}} \ \text{(“one who plays a harp”)} \\ &\underset{\text{verb}}{\text{reform}} + \text{ist} = \underset{\text{noun}}{\text{reformist}} \ \text{(“one who believes that things should be reformed”)} \\ &\underset{\text{adjective}}{\text{pure}} + \text{ist} = \underset{\text{noun}}{\text{purist}} \ \text{(“one who believes that things should be pure”)}\end{align*}

2. Analyze each of the following nouns into its free stem and suffix:

Noun = Free Stem + Suffix
harpist = +
artist = +
orchardist = +
tourist = +
humorist = +
projectionist = +
arsonist = +
cartoonist = +
conformist = +
environmentalist = +

3. Add each of the stems and suffixes below to make nouns:

Stem + Suffix = Noun
harp + ist =
real + ist =
vacation + ist =
final + ist =
illusion + ist =
journal + ist =
motor + ist =
race + ist =
special + ist =
vocal + ist =

4. The suffix -ist adds the meaning ____________________________

_________________________________________________

5. Analyze each of the following nouns into its free stem and suffix. Show any changes:

Noun = Free Stem + Suffix
druggist = +
bicyclist = +
extremist = +
typist = +
environmentalist = +
projectionist = +
specialist = +
receptionist = +

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1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5
Date Created:
Feb 23, 2012
Last Modified:
Jan 16, 2015
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