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8.20: Lesson Forty-four

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Four More Suffixes: -ful, -less, -ly, and -y

1. Each of these four suffixes changes a noun into an adjective. Notice that knot is a noun; it names a thing: “There is a knot in that board.”

But if we add -y or -less to it, we get adjectives, words that describe nouns: “That board is knotty, but the other board is knotless.” Knotty and knotless are adjectives describing the noun board.

2. Also, the word man is a noun: “He is a man.” But if we add -ful or -ly to it, we get adjectives: “He is a manful person” and “He is a manly fellow.” Manful is an adjective describing person, and manly is an adjective describing fellow.

3. The suffixes -ful, -less, -ly, and -y can be used to change __________ into __________.

4. Combine the nouns and suffixes below to make adjectives:

Noun + Suffix = Adjective
doubt + less =
doubt + ful =
sleep + less =
sleep + y =
cheer + less =
cheer + ful =
cheer + y =
weight + y =
weight + less =
thought + ful =
thought + less =
daughter + ly =

5. Each of the following adjectives consists of a noun plus one of the four suffixes you've been working with in this lesson. Analyze each adjective into its stem noun and suffix:

Adjective = Noun + Suffix
successful = +
delightful = +
tricky = +
sightless = +
worshipful = +
knightly = +
knotty = +
bottomless = +
flavorful = +
twisty = +
syrupy = +
lovely = +
joyful = +
motherless = +
rightful = +
peppery = +
friendly = +
motherly = +

6. Four suffixes that turn nouns into adjectives are ________, ________, ________, and ________.

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Feb 23, 2012

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