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# 8.3: Words With <tle> and <ttle>

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12

## Words With <tle> and <ttle>

1. Words like battle that end with the letters <le> right after a [t] sound are a special group. In the words below underline the letters that spell [t]:

battlebeetlemantlelittlekettlegentlerattlebrittlebottlestartlesettlecattleshuttleturtletitletootle\begin{align*}&\text{battle} && \text{kettle} && \text{bottle} && \text{shuttle}\\ &\text{beetle} && \text{gentle} && \text{startle} && \text{turtle}\\ &\text{mantle} && \text{rattle} && \text{settle} && \text{title}\\ &\text{little} && \text{brittle} && \text{cattle} && \text{tootle}\end{align*}

2. Now sort the words into this matrix:

3. In words that end with a [t] sound with <le> right after it, if the [t] comes right after a consonant or long vowel, the [t] is spelled ____. But if the [t] comes right after a short vowel sound, the [t] is spelled ____.

5. The long vowels in words like title may seem to be exceptions to the VCC pattern. But the pattern for words that end <tle> is true for words that end with any consonant followed by <le>. Since there is always a long vowel in every word that ends with a single consonant followed by <le>, we can treat these long vowels not as exceptions, but rather as the result of a smaller pattern within a bigger pattern. We can call it the VCle# pattern. VCle# is another pattern that marks long vowels, like VCV and Ve#.

If there is a short vowel sound right in front of the [t], we use a double <tt>\begin{align*}<\text{tt}>\end{align*} to spell [t] in front of the <le>. We can think of this as another smaller pattern within the bigger VCC pattern. We can call it the VCCle# pattern, which is another pattern that marks short vowels, like VCC and VC#.

In the VCCle pattern the vowel is __________, but in the VCle pattern the vowel is __________.

6. Sort the words with short vowels into these two groups:

If there is a consonant between the short vowel and the [t], we only need a single <t> because the other consonant will fill out the VCCle pattern, as in words like gentle and mantle. But if there is no other consonant, we need both <t>'s, as in words like bottle and little.

Word Changes. Remember to follow the directions carefully and write the words you make in the column on the right. The shaded boxes will contain words with which you worked in Item 1 of this lesson. All of the words will end in either <tle> or <ttle>. As you form each word, decide whether it should be spelled with a single or a double <t>:

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