What is Biology?
This chapter provides an introduction to scientific investigations, methods, observations, and communication.
The Chemistry of Life
This chapter covers matter, the significance of carbon, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids, biochemical, and chemical properties and reactions.
Cellular Structure and Function
This chapter introduces cell structure and function, features of prokaryotic, eukaryotic, plant, and animal cells. General structures and functions of DNA, RNA, protein, cell transport, and homeostasis.
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
This chapter introduces energy, glucose and ATP’s role, stages of photosynthesis, light reactions, the Calvin cycle, cellular respiration, glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, the electron transport chain, anaerobic and aerobic respiration, and fermentation.
The Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and Meiosis
This chapter covers cell division, the process of producing new cells, and sexual and asexual reproduction.
Gregor Mendel and Genetics
This chapter covers Mendelian genetics, inheritance, probability, dominant, recessive, and sex-linked traits.
Molecular Genetics: From DNA to Proteins
This chapter covers DNA, RNA, protein synthesis, mutation, and regulation of gene expression.
Human Genetics and Biotechnology
This chapter covers the human genome and genetic diseases/disorders, including autosomal vs. sex-linked inheritance patterns, DNA technology, The Human Genome Project, and gene cloning.
Life: From the First Organism Onward
This chapter introduces the Evolution of Life, macroevolution, mass extinctions, episodic speciation, responses to environmental and geographic changes, Linnaean and phylogenetic classification.
The Theory of Evolution
This chapter covers Darwin's Theory of Evolution, the common ancestry of all life and natural selection, including fossils, comparative anatomy and embryology, molecular biology, and biogeography.
The Principles of Ecology
This chapter covers ecology and its relationship to energy, ecosystems, and the water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles.
Communities and Populations
This chapter covers communities as part of biotic ecosystems, populations: size, density, dispersion, and growth, biodiversity, natural resources, and climate change.
Microorganisms: Prokaryotes and Viruses
This chapter serves as an introduction to the specifics of prokaryotes and viruses, as well as the interactions between bacteria and other organisms.
Eukaryotes: Protists and Fungi
This chapter serves as an introduction to the Kingdom Protista, the three types of protists: animal-like, plant-like, and fungus-like protists, and the classification and ecology of fungi.
Plant Evolution and Classification
This chapter is an introduction to the plant kingdom and covers the four categories of plants: nonvascular plants, vascular plants, seed plants, and flowering plants.
This chapter discusses plant tissues, including roots, stems, leaves, and plant growth.
Introduction to Animals
This chapter gives an overview of animals, including invertebrates, discussing characteristics, classification, and evolution.
From Sponges to Invertebrate Chordates
This chapter provides an overview of sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, and roundworms, discussing structure, function, reproduction, and ecology.
From Fish to Birds
This chapter is an overview of vertebrates from fishes to birds covering their characteristics, classification, and evolution.
Mammals and Animal Behavior
This chapter provides an overview of mammals covering mammalian traits, reproduction, evolution, and classification. Animal behavior is also discussed, including learning and communication, as well as migration, aggression, courtship, and mating.
Introduction to the Human Body: Bones, Muscles, and Skin
This chapter covers the human body and its systems, including cells, tissues, and organs. It also provides an overview of the structures and functions of the skeletal, muscular, and integumentary systems.
The Nervous and Endocrine Systems
This chapter covers the structures and functions of the nervous and endocrine systems.
The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, and Excretory Systems
This chapter covers the structures and functions of the circulatory, respiratory, digestive, and excretory systems. An overview of the Food Pyramid is also presented.
The Immune System and Disease
This chapter covers how the body fights diseases. The body's immune system, inflammatory response, and defenses against pathogens.
Reproduction and Human Development
This chapter covers the male and female reproductive systems, the reproductive lifecycle, and sexually transmitted diseases.
Biology FlexBook® textbook glossary.