Fractional functions with a polynomial in the numerator and the denominator are known as rational functions. The graphs of these functions grow closer and closer to certain values without ever reaching those values. This is called asymptotic behavior. In this chapter, you’ll explore the asymptotes of rational functions. You’ll also perform operations on rational expressions and solve rational equations. In the real world, rational equations are often used to model electrical circuit and distance problems.
This chapter begins by distinguishing between three variation models: direct variation, inverse variation, and joint variation. It then moves on to graphing and solving rational functions, with particular attention paid to asymptotes. Next, it addresses simplifying rational expressions by factoring and dividing. The four mathematical operations of multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction are explored in the context of rational expressions. The chapter concludes with real-life applications of rational equations and methods for solving them.