# 3.1: Checking a Solution for a Linear System

**At Grade**Created by: CK-12

**Practice**Checking a Solution for a Linear System

The Hiking Club is buying nuts to make trail mix for a fundraiser. Three pounds of almonds and two pounds of cashews cost a total of $36. Three pounds of cashews and two pounds of almonds cost a total of $39. Is (*a*, *c*) = ($6, $9) a solution to this system?

### Watch This

James Sousa: Ex: Identify the Solution to a System of Equations Given a Graph, Then Verify

### Guidance

A system of linear equations consists of the equations of two lines.The solution to a system of linear equations is the point which lies on both lines. In other words, the solution is the point where the two lines intersect. To verify whether a point is a solution to a system or not, we will either determine whether it is the point of intersection of two lines on a graph (Example A) or we will determine whether or not the point lies on both lines algebraically (Example B.)

#### Example A

Is the point (5, -2) the solution of the system of linear equations shown in the graph below?

**Solution:** Yes, the lines intersect at the point (5, -2) so it is the solution to the system.

#### Example B

Is the point (-3, 4) the solution to the system given below?

\begin{align*}2x-3y &= -18\\ x+2y &= 6\end{align*}

**Solution:** No, (-3, 4) is not the solution. If we replace the \begin{align*}x\end{align*} and \begin{align*}y\end{align*} in each equation with -3 and 4 respectively, only the first equation is true. The point is not on the second line; therefore it is not the solution to the system.

#### Example C

Find the solution to the system below.

\begin{align*} x &= 5 \\ 3x-2y &= 25\end{align*}

**Solution:** Because the first line in the system is vertical, we already know the *x*-value of the solution, \begin{align*}x=5\end{align*}. Plugging this into the second equation, we can solve for *y*.

\begin{align*}3(5)-2y &= 25 \\ 15-2y &= 25 \\ -2y &= 10 \\ y &= -5 \end{align*}

The solution is (5, -5). Check your solution to make sure it's correct.

\begin{align*}3(5)-2(-5) &= 25 \\ 15 + 10 &= 25\end{align*}

You can also solve systems where one line is horizontal in this manner.

**Intro Problem Revisit** The system of linear equations represented by this situation is:

\begin{align*}3a + 2c &= 36\\ 3c + 2a &= 39\end{align*}

If we plug in $6 for *a* and $9 for *c*, both equations are true. Therefore ($6, $9) is a solution to the system.

### Guided Practice

1. Is the point (-2, 1) the solution to the system shown below?

2. Verify algebraically that (6, -1) is the solution to the system shown below.

\begin{align*}3x-4y &= 22\\ 2x+5y &= 7\end{align*}

3. Explain why the point (3, 7) is the solution to the system:

\begin{align*}y &= 7\\ x &= 3\end{align*}

#### Answers

1. No, (-2, 1) is not the solution. The solution is where the two lines intersect which is the point (-3, 1).

2. By replacing \begin{align*}x\end{align*} and \begin{align*}y\end{align*} in both equations with 6 and -1 respectively (shown below), we can verify that the point (6, -1) satisfies both equations and thus lies on both lines.

\begin{align*}3(6)-4(-1) &= 18+4=22\\ 2(6)+5(-1) &= 12-5=7\end{align*}

3. The horizontal line is the line containing all points where the \begin{align*}y-\end{align*}coordinate 7. The vertical line is the line containing all points where the \begin{align*}x-\end{align*}coordinate 3. Thus, the point (3, 7) lies on both lines and is the solution to the system.

### Practice

Match the solutions with their systems.

- (1, 2)

- (2, 1)

- (-1, 2)

- (-1, -2)

Determine whether each ordered pair represents the solution to the given system.

\begin{align*}4x+3y &= 12\\ 5x+2y &= 1; \ (-3, 8)\end{align*}

\begin{align*}3x-y &= 17\\ 2x+3y &= 5; \ (5, -2)\end{align*}

\begin{align*}7x-9y &= 7\\ x+y &= 1; \ (1, 0)\end{align*}

\begin{align*}x+y &= -4\\ x-y &= 4; \ (5, -9)\end{align*}

\begin{align*}x &= 11\\ y &= 10; \ (11, 10)\end{align*}

\begin{align*}x+3y &= 0\\ y &= -5; \ (15, -5)\end{align*}

Find the solution to each system below.

\begin{align*}x &= -2\\ y &= 4 \end{align*}

\begin{align*}y &= -1\\ 4x - y &= 13 \end{align*}

\begin{align*}x &= 7\\ y &= 6; \end{align*}

\begin{align*}x &= 2\\ 8x+3y &= -11\end{align*}

- Describe the solution to a system of linear equations.
- Can you think of why a linear system of two equations would not have a unique solution?

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Here you'll learn how to determine whether an ordered pair is a solution to a given system of linear equations.