<img src="https://d5nxst8fruw4z.cloudfront.net/atrk.gif?account=iA1Pi1a8Dy00ym" style="display:none" height="1" width="1" alt="" />
Skip Navigation

12.8: Rational Equations Using Proportions

Difficulty Level: Basic Created by: CK-12
Atoms Practice
Estimated11 minsto complete
Practice Rational Equations Using Proportions
Estimated11 minsto complete
Practice Now

Suppose you were traveling on a paddle boat at a constant speed. In 6 minutes, you traveled x meters, and in 10 minutes, you traveled x+4 meters. Could you find the value of x in this scenario? If so, how would you do it? After completing this Concept, you'll be able to solve rational equations using proportions so that you can handle this type of problem.

Solution of Rational Equations

You are now ready to solve rational equations! There are two main methods you will learn to solve rational equations:

  • Cross products
  • Lowest common denominators

In this Concept you will learn how to solve using cross products.

Solving a Rational Proportion

When two rational expressions are equal, a proportion is created and can be solved using its cross products.

Example A

For example, to solve x5=(x+1)2, cross multiply and the products are equal.


Solve for x:


Example B

Solve 2xx+4=5x.



Notice that this equation has a degree of two; that is, it is a quadratic equation. We can solve it using the quadratic formula.

x=5±1854x2.15 or x4.65

Example C

Solve 3x5x+2=1x.


Start by cross multiplying:


Since this equation has a squared term as its highest power, it is a quadratic equation. We can solve this by using the quadratic formula, or by factoring.

1. Since there are no common factors, start by finding the product of the coefficient in front of the squared term and the constant:


2. What factors of -6 add up to 5? That would be -6 and 1, since -6+1=-5.

3. Factor, beginning by breaking up the middle term, 5x, as above:


4. Use the Zero Product Principle:

(3x+1)(x2)=03x+1=0 or x2=0x=13 or x=2

Video Review


Guided Practice

Solve x2=3x8x.


Cross multiply:Set one side equal to zero to get a quadratic equation:Simplify by distributing:Factor by determining 16=82 and 6=8+(2):Use the zero product principle:x2=3x8xx20000=2(3x8)=x2+2(3x8)=x2+6x16=x22x+8x16=x(x2)+8(x2)=(x+8)(x2)=(x+8)(x2)x+8=0 or x2=0x=8 or x=2

Explore More

Sample explanations for some of the practice exercises below are available by viewing the following videos. Note that there is not always a match between the number of the practice exercise in the videos and the number of the practice exercise listed in the following exercise set. However, the practice exercise is the same in both. CK-12 Basic Algebra: Solving Rational Equations (12:57)

Solve the following equations.

  1. 2x+14=x310
  2. 4xx+2=59
  3. 53x4=2x+1
  4. 7xx5=x+3x
  5. 2x+31x+4=0
  6. 3x2+2x1x21=2

Mixed Review

  1. Divide: 2910÷158.
  2. Solve for g:1.5(345+g)=20120.
  3. Find the discriminant of 6x2+3x+4=0 and determine the nature of the roots.
  4. Simplify 6b2b+2+3.
  5. Simplify 82x45xx5.
  6. Divide: (7x2+16x10)÷(x+3).
  7. Simplify (n1)(3n+2)(n4).

Answers for Explore More Problems

To view the Explore More answers, open this PDF file and look for section 12.8. 




A statement in which two fractions are equal: \frac{a}{b} = \frac{c}{d}.
Zero Product Property

Zero Product Property

The only way a product is zero is if one or more of the terms are equal to zero: a\cdot b=0 \Rightarrow a=0 \text{ or } b=0.
Rational Expression

Rational Expression

A rational expression is a fraction with polynomials in the numerator and the denominator.

Image Attributions


Difficulty Level:



8 , 9

Date Created:

Feb 24, 2012

Last Modified:

Aug 20, 2015
Save or share your relevant files like activites, homework and worksheet.
To add resources, you must be the owner of the Modality. Click Customize to make your own copy.


Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original

Original text