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4.1: Central Dogma of Molecular Biology

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

amino acid

Small molecule that is a building block (monomer) of proteins.

central dogma of molecular biology

DNA → RNA → Protein; the rule that states that the information in DNA is transcribed into RNA and translated into protein.

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

Double-stranded nucleic acid that makes up genes and chromosomes; the hereditary material.

protein

Organic compound made up of amino acids.

RNA

(ribonucleic acid): Single-stranded nucleic acid involved in protein synthesis.

transcription

Process in which genetic instructions in DNA are copied to form a complementary strand of mRNA.

translation

Process in which genetic instructions in mRNA are read to synthesize a protein.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
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Date Created:
Feb 24, 2012
Last Modified:
Sep 04, 2016
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SCI.BIO.321.L.1