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4.7: Translation of RNA to Protein

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

anticodon

anticodon

Sequence of 3 bases in the tRNA molecule at the site where the tRNA and mRNA bind; complementary to the codon in the mRNA.
mRNA

mRNA

(messenger RNA): Type of RNA that copies genetic instructions from DNA in the nucleus and carries them to the cytoplasm.
polypeptide

polypeptide

Chain of amino acids that alone or with other such chains makes up a protein.
ribosome

ribosome

Organelle inside all cells where proteins are made; site of protein synthesis.
rRNA

rRNA

(ribosomal RNA): Type of RNA that helps form ribosomes and assemble proteins.
translation

translation

Process in which genetic instructions in mRNA are read to synthesize a protein.
tRNA

tRNA

(transfer RNA): Type of RNA that brings amino acids to ribosomes where they are joined together to form proteins.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
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Date Created:
Feb 24, 2012
Last Modified:
May 17, 2016
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