4.5: Transcription of DNA to RNA Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12 Estimated6 minsto complete % Progress Practice Transcription of DNA to RNA MEMORY METER This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is Practice Progress Estimated6 minsto complete % Estimated6 minsto complete % Practice Now MEMORY METER This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is Share Add to Library Turn In Read Practice Resources Details Loading... Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue. Color Highlighted Text Notes Show More Vocabulary Language: English ▼ English Spanish editing Alters or changes some of the nucleotides in mRNA. elongation The addition of nucleotides to the growing mRNA strand. exon Protein coding region of a gene or mRNA. initiation The beginning of transcription; occurs when RNA polymerase binds to the promoter of a gene. intron Non-coding or non-regulatory region of a gene or mRNA; removed prior to translation. polyadenylation Adds a polyA (adenine bases) tail to the mRNA; signals the end of mRNA. promoter Region of a gene where a RNA polymerase binds to initiate transcription of the gene. protein synthesis Process in which cells make proteins; includes transcription of DNA and translation of mRNA. RNA polymerase Enzyme that transcribes DNA, making mRNA. splicing The removal of introns from mRNA. termination The ending of transcription; occurs when RNA polymerase crosses a stop (termination) sequence in the gene. transcription Process in which genetic instructions in DNA are copied to form a complementary strand of mRNA. translation Process in which genetic instructions in mRNA are read to synthesize a protein. Image Attributions Show Hide Details Description Discusses transcription in protein synthesis. Learning Objectives None Related Materials Protein Synthesis - Advanced Transcription of DNA to RNA Difficulty Level: At Grade Authors: Douglas Wilkin, Ph.D. Jean Brainard, Ph.D. Tags: elongation initiation SCI.BIO.325.L.1 (3 more) splicing termination transcription Subjects: science Biology Concept Nodes: SCI.BIO.325 (Transcription of DNA to RNA) Grades: 9 , 10 Date Created: Feb 24, 2012 Last Modified: Sep 04, 2016 Vocabulary None Save or share your relevant files like activites, homework and worksheet.To add resources, you must be the owner of the Modality. Click Customize to make your own copy.