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4.7: Translation of RNA to Protein

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

TermDefinition
anticodon Sequence of 3 bases in the tRNA molecule at the site where the tRNA and mRNA bind; complementary to the codon in the mRNA.
mRNA (messenger RNA): Type of RNA that copies genetic instructions from DNA in the nucleus and carries them to the cytoplasm.
polypeptide Chain of amino acids that alone or with other such chains makes up a protein.
ribosome Organelle inside all cells where proteins are made; site of protein synthesis.
rRNA (ribosomal RNA): Type of RNA that helps form ribosomes and assemble proteins.
translation Process in which genetic instructions in mRNA are read to synthesize a protein.
tRNA (transfer RNA): Type of RNA that brings amino acids to ribosomes where they are joined together to form proteins.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
Grades:
Date Created:
Feb 24, 2012
Last Modified:
Sep 04, 2016
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SCI.BIO.327.L.1