- 1. Introduction to Chemistry
This chapter details the scientific method and provides a brief history of chemistry.
- 2. Measurement in Chemistry
This chapter covers measurement and the mathematics of measurement and formulas.
- 3. Matter and Energy
This chapter details the concepts of matter and energy.
- 4. The Atomic Theory
The various models of the atom are developed from Dalton through Rutherford. This chapter also covers basic atomic structure and sub-atomic particles.
- 5. The Bohr Model of the Atom
This chapter introduces electromagnetic radiation, atomic spectra, and their roles in the development of the Bohr model of the atom.
- 6. The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
This chapter covers the quantum mechanical model of the atom, energy waves, standing waves, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, and Schrödinger’s equation. Quantum numbers, energy levels, energy sub-levels, and orbital shapes are introduced.
- 7. The Electron Configuration of Atoms
This chapter covers the Aufbau principle, and several methods for indicating electron configuration.
- 8. Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table
This chapter develops the relationship between the electron configuration of atoms and their positions on the periodic table.
- 9. Chemical Periodicity
This chapter explains the periodic change in atomic size and its relationship to the periodic trends for ionization energy and electron affinity.
- 10. Ionic Bonds and Formulas
This chapter explains the reasons for ionization, ionic bonding, and the properties of ionic compounds. This chapter develops the skills involved in predicting ionic charge, writing ionic formulas, and naming ionic compounds.
- 11. Covalent Bonds and Formulas
This chapter covers the nature and theories of covalent bonds – atoms forming covalent bonds, nomenclature rules, electronic and molecular geometries, and the octet rule. Polar molecules are also discussed.
- 12. The Mole Concept
This chapter develops the skills involved in formula stoichiometry.
- 13. Chemical Reactions
This chapter develops the skills involved balancing equations and the determination of reaction types.
- 14. Stoichiometry
This chapter develops the skills involved in equation stoichiometry including limiting reactant equations, yields, and introduces heat of reaction.
- 15. The Behavior of Gases
This chapter describes the molecular structure and properties of gases and develops both the combined gas law and the universal gas law. The stoichiometry of reactions involving gases is also covered.
- 16. Condensed Phases: Solids and Liquids
This chapter covers the causes of the liquid and solid condensed phases and the properties of liquids and solids. It covers the different types of intermolecular forces of attraction and includes a section on the energy involved in phase changes and phase diagrams.
- 17. Solutions and Their Behavior
This chapter covers properties of solutions including solvation, concentration calculations, solubility, colligative properties, dissociation, electrolytes and non-electrolytes, reactions between ions in solution, and ionic and net-ionic equations.
- 18. Chemical Kinetics
This chapter covers reaction rates and the factors that affect reaction rates.
- 19. Chemical Equilibrium
This chapter covers relationships between forward and reverse reaction rates, the concept of chemical equilibrium, the mathematics of the equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle, and solubility product constant calculations.
- 20. Acids and Bases
This chapter includes the definitions of acids and bases, the causes of strong and weak acids and bases, the hydrolysis of salts, and an introduction to pH.
- 21. Neutralization
This chapter covers the mathematics of the dissociation of water, acid-base indicators, acid-base titration, and buffers.
- 22. Thermochemistry
This chapter covers the energy involved in bond breaking and bond formation, the heat of reaction, the heat of formation, Hess' law, entropy, and Gibb’s free energy.
- 23. Electrochemistry
This chapter covers oxidation-reduction and electrochemical cells.
- 24. Nuclear Chemistry
This chapter is an introduction to radioactivity, nuclear equations, and nuclear energy.
- 25. Organic Chemistry
This chapter introduces the structure and nomenclature of straight chain hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, and the functional groups of hydrocarbons.
- 26. Chemistry Glossary
This chapter provides a glossary of all of the Chemistry vocabulary terms.