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observation
using the senses to gather information about the natural world
octet rule
an expression of the tendency for atoms to gain or lose the appropriate number of electrons so that the resulting ion has either completely filled or completely empty outer energy levels
orbital hybridization
orbitals involved in covalent bonding in an atom are hybridized so that they are identical in properties, and those properties are intermediate to the properties of the original orbitals
orbital representation
a method that uses circles or lines to represent the orbitals where electrons in an atom are located
organic acid
an organic compound containing one or more carboxyl groups
oxidation

a loss of electrons in an atom or an increase in the oxidation state of an atom

oxidation number
in ionic compounds, it is equal to the ionic charge; in covalent compounds, it is the charge assigned to the atom in accordance with a set of rules
oxidizing agent
a substance that gains electrons in a chemical reaction or undergoes an increase in its oxidation state

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Feb 23, 2012

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CK.SCI.ENG.SE.2.Chemistry-Glossary.26.15

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