Lattice energy of an ionic solid is a measure of the strength of bonds in that ionic compound.
law of conservation of mass
For a closed system, the mass of the reactants must equal the mass of the products for any chemical process.
law of definite proportions
Joseph Proust found that compounds always contain the same proportion of elements by mass, regardless of amount.
law of mass action
A general expression that can be applied to any chemical reaction.
law of multiple proportions
This law states that if two elements form more than one compound between them, then the ratios of the masses of the second element that combine with a fixed mass of the first element will be ratios of small whole numbers.
Le Chatelier’s Principle
Describes how a chemical system will change to maintain equilibrium when a stress is applied.
Accepts an electron pair.
Donates an electron pair.
A simple way of representing covalent bonds. Each dot in the structure represents one electron in the compound. Also known as Lewis dot structures.
Behaves both as a particle and as a wave.
The reactant that is used up first in a reaction; the limiting reactant determines the amount of product that can be formed in a chemical reaction.
Molecule with atoms organized so the bond angle is 180 degrees between each of them.
Frequencies of electromagnetic radiation given off by a compound’s molecules or element’s atoms.
Does not possess a unique structure. Lipids are better defined by the fact that they are not particularly soluble in water. Classes include fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol.
Transports lipids in the bloodstream.
A couple of opposite spin valence electrons that are accountable for the development of coordinate bonds and are not shared between atoms.