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27.7: G

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galvanic cell
Otherwise known as a voltaic cell.
gamma emission
The release of energy.
Gay-Lussac’s Law
Gas law which states that the pressure of a given mass of a gas varies directly with the absolute temperature of the gas when the volume is kept constant.
glycolysis
Means splitting of glucose.
Gibbs free energy
A thermodynamic quantity that combines enthalpy and entropy into a single value that has been named after Josiah Gibbs, an American physicist. This value can be used to determine equilibrium constants.
gluconeogenesis
Process that breaks down proteins and provides needed glucose for the cells.
glycogen
Made up of long chains of glucose units.
gold foil experiment
Ernest Rutherford discovered the presence of a positively charged nucleus with this experiment. He used a radioactive source to direct alpha particles toward a very thin sheet of gold foil. Surrounding the foil was a screen that fluoresced when struck by the alpha particles.
Graham’s law of effusion
States that the rate of effusion or diffusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root fo the molar mass of the gas.

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Sep 09, 2013

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CK.SCI.ENG.SE.1.Chemistry-Basic.27.7

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