- 1. Introduction to Chemistry
This chapter covers an introduction to chemistry - its history, applications, role in science, and relationship with the environment.
- 2. Matter and Change
This chapter covers matter - its properties, classification and changes.
- 3. Measurements
This chapter covers measurement - metric units, unit conversion, scientific notation, error and uncertainty.
- 4. Atomic Structure
This chapter covers the atom - evolution of the atomic model, atomic theories, structure of the atom, isotopes, and atomic mass.
- 5. Electrons in Atoms
This chapter covers electrons - properties of light, the Bohr Model, quantum mechanics, and the electron arrangement in atoms.
- 6. The Periodic Table
This chapter covers the periodic table - its history, trends, organization, and classification.
- 7. Chemical Nomenclature
This chapter covers chemistry terminology - formulas, naming systems, and classification.
- 8. Ionic and Metallic Bonding
This chapter covers bonding - the formation and compounds of ions, metals, and alloys.
- 9. Covalent Bonding
This chapter covers covalent bonds, resonance, molecular shapes, polarity and bonding theories.
- 10. The Mole
This chapter covers the mole concept - Avogadro’s number and hypothesis, conversions, mass, volume and chemical formulas.
- 11. Chemical Reactions
This chapter covers chemical equations, reactions and activity series.
- 12. Stoichiometry
This chapter covers stoichiometry, mole ratios, mass, volume, limiting reactants and yield.
- 13. States of Matter
This chapter covers states of matter - classification and representation, changes, pressures, and kinetic energy.
- 14. The Behavior of Gases
This chapter covers real and ideal gases, gas laws, and gas behavior.
- 15. Water
This chapter covers properties of water, changes in water, electrolytes, nonelectrolytes, and solutions.
- 16. Solutions
This chapter covers solutions and solvents, molarity and molality, and ionic equations.
- 17. Thermochemistry
This chapter covers energy and heat - potential energy, formation of energy, and enthalpy.
- 18. Kinetics
This chapter covers factors affecting the rate of a chemical reaction - reaction rates, reaction mechanisms, energy, energy diagrams, and molecularity.
- 19. Equilibrium
This chapter covers equilibrium constants, factors affecting equilibrium, Le Chatelier’s principle, solubility and predicting precipitates.
- 20. Entropy and Free Energy
This chapter covers entropy and energy relationships in chemical reactions.
- 21. Acids and Bases
This chapter covers properties and evolving definitions of acids and bases.
- 22. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
This chapter covers chemical reactions involving movement of electrons, identifying and balancing reactions, and half-reactions.
- 23. Electrochemistry
This chapter covers electrochemical reactions, electrical potential, and applications of oxidation-reduction reactions.
- 24. Nuclear Chemistry
This chapter covers nuclear chemistry - changes in atomic structure at the nuclear level, radiation, fusion and applications in medicine.
- 25. Organic Chemistry
This chapter covers the structures, properties and reactions of organic materials and organic compounds.
- 26. Biochemistry
This chapter covers chemical processes in living systems, and the structures, functions and interactions of biological macromolecules.