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2.14: Points in a Coordinate Plane

Difficulty Level: Basic Created by: CK-12
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A map of a neighborhood block shows the corner of Brown Street and Smith Street. There is a house on the map marked with a black dot. The coordinates of this house need to be plotted correctly for the City Planner.

In this concept, you will learn how to determine the coordinates of a point on a coordinate grid.

Coordinate Grid

A coordinate grid is a graph used to locate points in space. A pair of numbers, called coordinates, tells where the point is in two-dimensional space. 

Here is an example of a coordinate grid.

The horizontal axis, or the line that goes across side to side, is called the axis. The vertical axis, or the line that goes up and down, is called the axis. The point where the two axes meet is called the origin. The origin has the value of (0,0).

Every line on the axis has a different value. The values start at 0 at the origin and continue on the horizontal axis. Each line has a value of 1. Every line on the axis has a different value. The values start at 0 with the origin and continue on the vertical axis. Each line has a value of 1.

When a point has already been plotted on a coordinate grid, an ordered pair identifies its location. A coordinate is written in the form of an ordered pair. In an ordered pair, there are two numbers put inside a set of parentheses. The first number is an value and the second number is a value

Here is an example of an ordered pair:

(3, 4)

This ordered pair has two values. It has an  value of 3 because the value comes first. It has a value of 4. Each ordered pair represents one point on a coordinate grid.

This ordered pair can be plotted on the coordinate grid.

To graph (3,4) on the grid, start at the origin and count three units on the axis first. Then working from the 3, count up four since the coordinate is four. That is where the point is plotted.

Sometimes, the ordered pair contains a zero, for example:

(0, 4)

This means that the value is zero, so you don’t move along the axis for your first point, instead you start counting up at zero. The value is four, so you count up four units from zero.

The point actually falls directly on the axis.

Examples

Example 1

Earlier, you were given a problem about the neighborhood map that shows a point of a house on the block. The city planner needs the coordinates of that house. 

First, locate the point on the coordinate grid. There is only one point on this grid, so it is easy to identify.

Next, look at where that point is located on the  axis. This map does not label values on each axis, so you will have to count out from the origin to determine the value. The  value is 2.

Then, look at where the point is located on the  axis. Again, there is no label for values on the map, so count up from the origin. The  value is 3.

The answer is (2,3). This is the coordinate pair for the house on the map.

Example 2

Graph (9,3) on the coordinate grid.

First, look at the  value in the ordered pair. The value is 9. This is the value on the horizontal axis. Starting at the origin, count across the horizontal axis to 9.

Next, look at the  value. The value is 3. Starting at the 9 on the  axis, count up 3 units.

Then, mark the coordinate pair on the grid with a dot.

The answer goes on (9, 3) where the dot is.

Use the coordinate grid to answer the following questions.

Example 3

What is the ordered pair for point A?

First, locate the point on the coordinate grid.

Next, follow down to the  axis and write down the  value in the ordered pair.

Then, follow from the point over to the  axis and write down the  value in the ordered pair.

The answer is (3,2)

Example 4

What is the ordered pair for point B?

First, locate the point on the coordinate grid.

Next, follow down to the  axis and write down the  value in the ordered pair.

Then, follow from the point over to the  axis and write down the  value in the ordered pair.

The answer is (4,6)

Example 5

What is the ordered pair for point C?

First, locate the point on the coordinate grid.

Next, follow down to the  axis and write down the  value in the ordered pair.

Then, follow from the point over to the  axis and write down the  value in the ordered pair.

The answer is (7,9)

Review

Write the coordinates of each point.

1. A

2. B

3. C

4. D

5. E

6. F

7. G

8. H

9. I

10. J

11. K

12. L

Graph and label each point on the coordinate grid.

13. M(1, 3)

14. N(2, 4)

15. O(0, 6)

16. P(8, 6)

17. Q(2, 2)

18. R(4, 7)

19. S(7, 7)

20. T(9, 0)

21. U(4, 6)

22. V(0, 5)

23. W(6, 8)

24. Y(1, 7)

25. Z(3, 4)

Answers for Review Problems

To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 2.14. 

Resources

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Date Created:
Sep 24, 2015
Last Modified:
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