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6.4: Faults

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

dip

The angle of a fault relative to horizontal.

dip-slip fault

A fault in which the dip of the fault plain is inclined relative to the horizontal.

fault

A fracture along which one side has moved relative to the other.

joint

A break in rock along which there is no movement.

normal fault

A dip-slip fault in which the hanging wall drops down relative to the footwall.

reverse fault

A dip-slip fault in which the hanging wall pushes up relative to the footwall.

slip

The distance rocks move along a fault.

strike-slip fault

A fault in which the dip of the fault plane is vertical.

thrust fault

A reverse fault in which the dip of the fault plane is nearly horizontal.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade

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Date Created:
Feb 24, 2012
Last Modified:
Aug 15, 2016
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SCI.ESC.354.3.L.1