<img src="https://d5nxst8fruw4z.cloudfront.net/atrk.gif?account=iA1Pi1a8Dy00ym" style="display:none" height="1" width="1" alt="" />
Skip Navigation
Our Terms of Use (click here to view) and Privacy Policy (click here to view) have changed. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our new Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

7.6: Stratosphere

Difficulty Level: Basic Created by: CK-12
Atoms Practice
Estimated3 minsto complete
Practice Stratosphere
Estimated3 minsto complete
Practice Now

Can we take a field trip to the stratosphere?

Sure we can! If you've ever flown on a jet airplane you've been in the stratosphere. Airplanes fly in the stratosphere because there is less friction. They get better gas mileage and so costs are lower. There is also less turbulence, so passengers are happier. Can you identify the bottom of the stratosphere in the photo? It's where the clouds begin. Remember that all weather is in the troposphere.


The stratosphere is the layer above the troposphere. The layer rises to about 50 kilometers (31 miles) above the surface.

Temperature in the Stratosphere

Air temperature in the stratosphere increases with altitude. Why? The stratosphere gets most of its heat from the sun. Therefore, it’s warmer closer to the sun. The air at the bottom of the stratosphere is cold. The cold air is dense, so it doesn’t rise. As a result, there is little mixing of air in this layer.

The Ozone Layer

The previous section said that the troposphere is the most important layer of the atmosphere. But it's not the only important layer. The stratosphere contains a layer of ozone gas. Ozone consists of three oxygen atoms (O3). The ozone layer is in the stratosphere. Ozone in the layer absorbs high-energy ultraviolet (UV) radiation. As you can see in Figure below, UV radiation splits the ozone molecule. The split creates an oxygen molecule (O2) and an oxygen atom (O). This split releases heat that warms the stratosphere. By absorbing UV radiation, ozone also protects Earth’s surface. UV radiation would harm living things without the ozone layer.

How does the ozone layer protect Earth’s surface from UV light?


At the top of the stratosphere is a thin layer called the stratopause. It acts as a boundary between the stratosphere and the mesosphere.


  • ozone: Three oxygen atoms bound together into a molecule.
  • ozone layer: A layer of the stratosphere where ozone gas is more highly concentrated.
  • stratosphere: Above the troposphere; temperature increases with altitude because of the presence of ozone.


  • There is little mixing between the troposphere and the stratosphere.
  • Ozone gas protects life on Earth from harmful UV light.
  • The ozone layer is in the stratosphere. It has a higher concentration of ozone than the rest of the atmosphere.


Use this resource to answer the questions that follow.

The Stratosphere and You: A Look at Ozone at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LNEm_2vOMqo (2:09)

  1. Where is the stratosphere located?
  2. How is ozone created?
  3. How is stable ozone created?
  4. What does ozone become after it is broken apart?
  5. Why is ozone important?


  1. Why doesn't air mix much in the stratosphere?
  2. What is the ozone layer? Why is it important?
  3. Why does air temperature increase with height in the stratosphere?




Three oxygen atoms bound together into a molecule.
ozone layer

ozone layer

Layer of the stratosphere where ozone gas is more highly concentrated.


Above the troposphere; temperature increases with altitude because of the presence of ozone.

Image Attributions

Show Hide Details
Difficulty Level:
6 , 7
Date Created:
Jan 04, 2013
Last Modified:
May 11, 2016
Files can only be attached to the latest version of Modality
67 % of people thought this content was helpful.
Loading reviews...
Load More (24)
Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original